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The Power Maximiser Principle
Adding 1/6th third harmonic to the ac supply waveform (a sinusoid) permits the maximum theoretical power capability of a transmission system to be increased by 33%. Alternatively the power can be kept constant and voltage increased and current reduced thereby lowering line losses due to resistance by up to 33%.
Adding 1/6th of third harmonic lowers the peak value of a sinusoidal waveform by a factor of 0.866. Restoring the combined waveform to the allowable peak value for the transmission line raises the fundamental voltage by a factor of 1.155. This principle has been widely used for many years to raise the output voltage in three-phase inverters. ("The use of harmonic distortion to increase the output of a three-phase PWM inverter". Houldsworth J.A. and Grant D.A. IEEE Transactions of the Industry Applications Society, Sept 1984, pp 1224-1228). The P(max) of a power transmission line is proportional to V2. Therefore the raising of the fundamental voltage theoretically permits P(max) to be increased by a factor of 1.33.
The simplest way to implement this principle is by connecting the sending end and receiving end transformer windings in star and by applying the triple frequency voltage waveform to each star point as shown below
The transmission system therefore operates to some extent at the triple frequency as well as the fundamental frequency. This creates challenges for the triple frequency injectors (labelled 3F in the circuit diagram). We offer a solution to the challenges created by fundamental-frequency zero-sequence currents in the injectors (patent applied for). We have also have a range of solutions for the challenges of integrating this technology into new or existing power transmission systems (patent applied for). See Power and Energy. Further patent activity is envisaged, relating to line injection of the third harmonic, control of the propagation of the third harmonic and special three-phase transformers for this application. See Patents.
We would welcome expressions of interest from potential partners in developing this evolving technology. (See Contact Us).